West Bengal Independence Anniversary 1953
Suniti Kumar Chatterjee describes the nature and degree of civilization of the Bengalis before they came into contact with the Vedic Aryans as follows: The ideas of karma and transmigration the practice of yoga the religious and philosophical ideas centring round the coception of the divinity as Siva and Devi and as Vishnu the Hindu ritual of puja as opposed to the Vedic ritual of homa —all [...] Thanks to the wise counsel of the leaders and above all to the mighty spiritual influence of Mahatma Gandhi the innate good sense of the people of the State began to reassert itself and to West Bengal belongs the proud distinction of being the first to have restored communal amity. [...] With the fall of Burma and the reverse of the Allies in the South-Eastern theatres of the War Bengal came perilously close to the War zone and was bombed a number of times. [...] The State however had some accession of revenue under the sharing of Union duties of excise the grant-in-aid in lieu of a share in the duty on jute and jute goods and the granin-aid under the substantive portion of Article 275(1) of the Constitution. [...] Article 335 of the Constitution of India provides that the claims of the members of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes shall be taken into considration consistently with the maintenance of efficiency of administration in the making of appoinments to services and posts in connection with the affairs of the Union or a State.