An election is a formal group decision-making process by which a population chooses an individual or multiple individuals to hold public office.Elections have been the usual mechanism by which modern representative democracy has operated since the 17th century. Elections may fill offices in the legislature, sometimes in the executive and judiciary, and for regional and local government. This process is also used in many other private and business organizations, from clubs to voluntary associations and corporations.The universal use of elections as a tool for selecting representatives in modern representative democracies is in contrast with the practice in the democratic archetype, …



1 January 2024 English

All India Women’s Conference (AIWC), the oldest national women’s organization in India was born in January, 1927 in Poona. But the genesis had actually begun much earlier.

even to this day. 23 AIWC and Elections  In 1951, with impending elections, it was felt that AIWC should exercise of trade, adult suffrage, women to fight elections on equal terms with men and no reservation of

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 1 January 2024 English

This lexicon was published in January 2024 by Kuviraa India, an organization that engages adolescent girls and young women in civic and political discourse. This working document, slated to be …

the fairness, transparency and efficiency of elections. 26. Electoral Roll: The list of eligible voters Manifestos are drafted keeping an eye on forthcoming elections. These are published and well publicized. 30 with similar political aims, often contesting elections to implement their agenda. 44. Republic: A form India responsible for conducting and supervising elections in India. 3 Legislature: The legislature in

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 1 November 2023 English

First History Lessons is a series of books published by the Institute of Development Studies Kolkata (IDSK). Aiming to simplify and explain important historical ideas, the series has been sponsored …

those who lived in West Pakistan. In the 1970 elections, the popular East Pakistani political leader Sheikh

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 1 August 2023 English

This report was released by Asar Social Impact Advisors, a Karnataka-based research organisation, in August 2023. It was authored by Vidyuth Sreenivasan, Neha Saigal and Saumya Shrivastava at Asar.Household air …

also less. During elections a lot of them come but soon after elections there is no one to be seen

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 14 April 2023 English

For decades after Dr. B.R. Ambedkar’s passing, it was singers like shahir Dadu Salve who nurtured the anti-caste movement and took it to the remotest corners of Maharashtra. Today, on …

his songs. In 1952, Ambedkar fought the general elections from Mumbai as a candidate of the Scheduled Caste

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 20 March 2023 English

First History Lessons is a series of three books published under ‘Revisiting the Craft of History Writing for Children’, a project by the Institute of Development Studies Kolkata (IDSK), Kolkata. …

everyone had the right to vote in time for the next elections. But having the right to vote on paper does not Constitution was completed, and preparations began for elections. But the common people had not yet recovered Laws Amidst all the chaos, the first general elections in independent India took place in 1951–52, following down by the Constitution. People voted in these elections. And then the Citizenship Act came into force original residents would make it difficult to win elections. So the government formulated laws that made it

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 15 March 2023 English

This report – the 24th edition of the Women & Men in India reports – was published in March 2023 by the Social Statistics Division at the National Statistical Office …

Persons Contesting and Elected in Various Lok Sabha Elections 161 Table 5.3 : State-wise Women participation Percentage of Electors Voting in Various General Elections 165 Table 5.7: State-wise Women Voters Turnout (Table 5.5) 4.5.6 Another important aspect of elections is the voting rights. The principle of universal 60% of women electors only participated in the elections and the men turnout was 8 percent points more turned out to vote in 2014 as compared to earlier elections, the participation being 65.6% in 2014 which further

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 1 March 2023 English

First History Lessons is a series of three books published under ‘Revisiting the Craft of History Writing for Children’, a project by the Institute of Development Studies Kolkata (IDSK), Kolkata. …

land or some kind of property, could vote. The elections which I am speaking of, had only Indians as candidates the power that the Indians who won in these elections hadwas far lower than those of the British governors highlyregarded and articulate Muslims must win elections if these gaps were to be bridged. He felt that for the Partition lies concealed in the 1937 elections—that was the moment when Jinnah realized that would strengthen the League and help them win elections. But the Congress leaders of Assam and the Hindu

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 1 March 2023 English

This report was published in March 2023 by Common Cause, New Delhi, and Lokniti, a research programme at the Centre for the Study of Developing Societies, New Delhi. It is …

human rights, and the conduct of free and fair elections. As far back as in 2010, Cambridge Analytica contacts, for micro-targeting voters in the US elections. Since then, technology has undergone a tectonic protecting democratic freedoms, or the integrity of elections, is as crucial for our collective well-being

PARI: The CounterMedia Trust · 28 February 2023 English

This report was published in February of 2023 by Access Now for the #KeepItOn coalition. The report is authored by Zach Rosson, Felicia Anthonio, Carolyn Tackett, and the Access Now …

Shutdowns during examinations 6 Shutdowns during elections 7 III. New and continuing trends in 2022 during protest and unrest 12 Shutdowns during elections 13 Sustained platform blocks 14 Ethiopia Exams 5 shutdowns in 5 countries tied to elections Elections WEAPONS OF CONTROL, SHIELDS OF IMPUNITY by protests, active conflict, examinations, elections, political instability, and other high-profile globally,9 including during Kenya’s general elections,10 while sustaining momentum11 in urging relevant

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