Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/871cgs

A Brief History of the Indian Peoples




The first includes the. Himalayan mountains which shut India out from the rest of Asia on the north ; the second stretches southwards from their foot and comprises the plains of the great rivers which issue from the Himalayas; the third tract slopes upwards again from the southern edge of the river-plains and consists of a high three-sided tableland dotted with peaks and covering the southe [...] They form moreover cheap highways for carrying the produce of the country to the26 THE COUNTRY towns and seaports; and what the arteries are to the human body the rivers are to the plains of BengaL The Rivers as Destroyers.—But the very vastness of their energy causes terrible calamities. [...] The drainage has therefore to make its way right across India to the eastwards now twisting round hill ranges now rushing down the valleys between them until the rain which the Bombay sea-breeze dropped upon the Western Ghats finally falls into the Bay of BengaL In this way the three great rivers of the Madras Presidency—namely the Godavari the Krishna(Kistna) and the Kiveri—rise in the mou [...] The heads of the other Provinces are chosen for their merit from the Anglo-Indian services almost always from the Civil Service and are nomiated by the Viceroy subject in the case of the LieutenanGovernorships to the approval of the Secretary of State. [...] The Queen of England is Empress of India and is spoken of both officially and commonly in India as the Queen-Empress.' Area and Population.—The two tables following show the area and population first of the twelve Provinces of British India with the separate jurisdiction of Quetta excluding Aden and the Andaman Islands ; and second the area and population of the Feudatory States arranged i



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