Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/j1s8pj

Journal of the Asiatic Society of Bengal 1864




It is the language.of the most civilised portion of the Hindu race from the eastern boundary of Behar to the foot of the Solimini Range and from the Vindhya to the Terai. [...] Beginning with the inflection of nouns wo find that the first step in the transition of the Sanskrita into bhe ()tithe was the omission of the mark of the nominative singular—a which after a assumed the form of the aspirate viearga. [...] This was exactly what was to be expected for the most prominent feature of the changes which led to the transition of the Vedic Sanskrita into the language of the Riimyana and the MahabhArata was the softening down of harsh and difficult combinations of several consonants and of elision of asprates. [...] But in the Lend the latter condition is not necesary hence o is the usual termination in the nominative singular and it is its contraction that we meet with in the Gatlui in the form of is.- The Pali of As'oka's edicts omits the e but never takes the o or u ; but in the Pali of lititytlyana's grammar and as we find it in the Cingalese chronicles the o is preferred to simple elision so is [...] On the contrary it is certain that the aborgines receded as the tide of the Aryan conquerors flowed onward from the north-west very much in the same way as the Red Indian in North America receded from the contact of the Saxon and the Celt and they could not therefore leave behind much of their dialects to leaven the lan-. gunge of the aggressors.



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