Coherent Identifier About this item: 20.500.12592/xqg9vc

Calcutta University Readership Lectures. Land Problems of India




Apart from these openings for tenancy exploitation, both in the United Provinces at present and in the Central Provinces before the passing of the Tenancy Act, the existence of a periodic protected tenancy depending upon the consent of the landlord, and hence difficult to acquire, has been a fertile cause of the levy of exactions in various guises. [...] During the movement of tribes like the . fats, Gujars, Rors, etc. , along the river in the South-Eastern districts of the Punjab, they exhibited the same group solidarity and control of the landed property of the household by the tribes, which characterise the tribal communalism of the Pathans and the Bilochis of the North-Western districts. [...] Vestiges of the original grouping in the local areas held by the brethren of a single clan are represented also by the Chaurasi, or division of eighty-four villages, the Satasi, of eighty-seven, the Biyalisi, of forty-two, and the Tara, of thirteen, which is the traditional number of villages presented by Jay °hand of Kamm' to the bodies of Rajput colonists who settled24 LAND PROBLEMS OF INDIA und [...] Abuse of Protected Tenant Right. —The conferment of protected tenant right with security of tenure and restricted transfer has led everywhere to the evils of nazarana, or the uneconomic practice of the extortion of a large sum by the landlord in consideration of his recognising the status of the in-coming tenant, while there also has arisen the custom of sub-letting at high rents. [...] CHAPTER IV BREAK-UP OF THE VILLAGE COMMUNITY , Feudal and Communal Villages and their Agricul- ture. —The above survey of the evolution of the Indian agrarian system shows the predominance of rural com- munalism, though the economics of conquest and the farming of the revenue have left deep marks on this scheme.


agriculture environment

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